Welcome to the forum. You were right in disconnecting the negative terminal before changing the fuse. Obviously, there was a previous problem with the fuse. Remove the negative terminal, remove the fuse, wait 10 minutes or so, and see what you get. This process will reset the computer (TIPM). When you reconnect the terminal and the situation remains, remove the negative terminal again, and check all of the fuses and relays by removing them, one by one, and use a testor to make sure that the relays are still good. You can check the fuses visually. If they all appear to be good, reattach the negative terminal. If you still are in the same situation, you have probably blown the TIPM, which is expensive. The TIPM is the combination fuse block/ECU.
I have read by removing each fuse and relay, one at a time, can actually bring it back to life, but the original symptoms that you described are indications that the TIPM is beginning to fail. Good luck, and let us know how you make out.
I presently have an issue with my radio, a Media Center 430. If I do not turn the radio off before I shut off the engine, it will not come back on for a while, or immediately if I disconnect the negative terminal for 10 minutes or so. I think it is a condition of the radio, and not the TIPM, but one can only hope!